Drawing from words attributed to Jesus about the valley of Gahenna, considered together with the history of railroads and homesteading in the United States, Burning Land of Flame is a song of warning about the ways humans foolishly destroy the earth.
Hope and Tears is a song about the Trail of Tears, the trail traveled by the Cherokee and other Native American peoples when they were expelled from their homeland in the 1830s. They were forced to march hundreds of miles and thousands of people died along the way.
Who Will Weep? is a song of compassion for refugees. In 1939, the SS St. Louis sailed near the coast of Florida with more than 900 Jewish refugees on board fleeing from Nazi Germany. The United States forced them to return to Europe and many later perished in the Holocaust.
Red Lines is a song about racism and the history of redlining. Starting in the 1930s, banks used maps with red lines around neighborhoods where black people lived, thereby designating these areas as high risk for home loans.